Laws and regulations
China has established more than 300 chemical safety management regulations, more than 600 national safety standards, directly involving up to more than 2,800 hazardous chemicals.
- The People’s Republic of China Safety Production Law, 2002
The production, operation, transportation, storage, use of dangerous goods or disposal of discarded dangerous goods shall be examined and implemented by the relevant competent authorities in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations, national standards or industry standards.
Production, business operations, production, operation, transportation, storage, use of dangerous goods or disposal of discarded dangerous goods must implement relevant laws, regulations and national standards or industry standards, establish a special safety management system, adopt reliable safety measures, and accept relevant competent authorities. Supervision and management implemented according to law.
- Hazardous Chemicals Safety Management Regulations 2011
The units that produce and store dangerous chemicals shall set up corresponding monitoring, monitoring, ventilation, sun protection, temperature regulation, fire prevention, fire extinguishing, explosion-proof and pressure relief in the workplace according to the types and dangerous characteristics of the dangerous chemicals they produce and store. Safety facilities and equipment such as anti-virus, neutralization, moisture-proof, lightning-proof, anti-static, anti-corrosion, anti-leakage and protection of dikes or isolation operations, and regular safety facilities and equipment in accordance with national standards, industry standards or relevant national regulations. Maintenance, maintenance, and ensure the normal use of safety facilities and equipment.
Hazardous chemicals should be stored in dedicated warehouses, dedicated sites or dedicated storage rooms (hereinafter collectively referred to as dedicated warehouses) and managed by dedicated personnel; highly toxic chemicals and other hazardous chemicals that constitute a significant source of hazard should be in dedicated warehouses. It is stored separately and is equipped with a double reception and double storage system.
The storage methods, methods and storage quantities of hazardous chemicals shall comply with national standards or relevant national regulations.
- “Code for Fire Protection of Building Design” GB 50016—2014
This specification is divided into 12 chapters and 3 appendices. The main contents are: fire hazard classification of production and storage, classification requirements for high-rise buildings, fire rating of industrial and civil buildings such as factory buildings, warehouses, residential buildings and public buildings. The basic requirements for the fire resistance, floor plan, fire partition, fire separation, building fire protection structure, fire separation distance and fire protection facilities of building components, basic measures and requirements for explosion protection of industrial buildings; evacuation distance and evacuation width of industrial and civil buildings, Evacuation stair setting form, emergency lighting and evacuation indication signs, and basic requirements for safety exit and evacuation door setting; fire separation, group arrangement and reserves of Class A, B, C liquids, gas storage tanks (zones) and combustible material yards Basic requirements; wood structure construction and urban traffic tunnel workers, basic requirements for fire protection design; basic requirements for facilities such as rescue sites, fire lanes, fire elevators, etc. that meet the requirements for fire fighting and rescue; building heating, ventilation, air conditioning and electrical, etc. Fire protection requirements and power supply and distribution lines for fire-fighting equipment This requirement.
- General Rules for the Storage of Commonly Used Hazardous Chemicals GB 15603-1995
Basic requirements for the storage of chemical dangerous goods
4.1 Storage of chemical dangerous goods must comply with national laws, regulations and other relevant regulations.
4.2 Chemical dangerous goods must be stored in a special chemical dangerous goods warehouse approved by the public security department. The chemical department shall store the chemical dangerous goods and store the quantity in the warehouse. Chemical dangerous goods storage warehouses shall not be arbitrarily set up without approval.
4.3 Chemical dangerous goods should be stacked in the open air and meet the safety requirements of fire prevention and explosion protection. Explosive articles, first-class flammable materials, wet burning articles and highly toxic substances should not be stacked in the open air.
4.4 The warehouse for storing chemical dangerous goods must be equipped with technical personnel with professional knowledge. The warehouses and places should be managed by special personnel, and the management personnel must be equipped with reliable personal safety protection articles.
4.5 Chemical dangerous goods are classified into eight categories according to the provisions of GB 13690: a. explosives; b. compressed gas and liquefied gas; c. flammable liquid; d. flammable solids, pyrophoric articles and wet combustibles; e. Oxidizing agents and organic peroxides; f. poisons; g. radioactive materials; h. corrosives.
The stored chemical dangerous goods shall have obvious signs, and the signs shall comply with the provisions of GB 190. When storing two or more different levels of dangerous goods in the same area, the performance mark of the highest level dangerous goods shall be marked.
4.7 Storage methods There are three types of storage methods for chemical dangerous goods: a. isolation storage; b. separation storage; c. separation and storage.
4.8 According to the performance of dangerous goods, partition, classification, storage and storage. All kinds of dangerous goods shall not be mixed and stored with the contraindication materials. For the taboo material configuration, see Appendix A (Reference).
4.9 Smoking and use of open flames are strictly prohibited in buildings and areas where chemical dangerous goods are stored.
- Convention on the Safe Use of Chemicals in the Workplace, Article 170 International Convention, 1994
- “Dangerous Chemicals Enterprises Operating Conditions and Technical Requirements” GB 18265-2000
- Regulations on the Safe Use of Chemicals in the Workplace 1997
- “Safe Production Ban” 1994
- Measures for the Administration of Registration of Dangerous Chemicals, 2000
- “Regulations on the Management of Road Dangerous Goods Transportation” 2016 Amendment
- Waterway Dangerous Goods Transportation Regulations 1996
- Hazardous Chemicals Catalogue 2018
- Occupational Health and Safety Management System GBT-28001-2011
- Measures for the Administration of Dangerous Chemicals Business Licenses 2012
- Interim Provisions on the Supervision and Administration of Major Hazardous Sources of Hazardous Chemicals
- “Safety Supervision and Management Measures for Dangerous Chemicals Construction Projects” 2015
- Identification of Major Hazard Sources of Hazardous Chemicals GB 18218-2009
- “Technical Conditions for Storage and Maintenance of Flammable and Explosive Commodities” GB 17914-2013
- “Technical conditions for the storage and maintenance of corrosive commodities” GB 17915-2013
- Technical Conditions for Storage and Maintenance of Poisonous Goods GB 17916-2013